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French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
The red wines of Bordeaux are usually blends of two or more of five grapes: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, and Petit Verdot. In Bordeaux, they blend these grapes to create power, complexity, and elegance. In France, this art of blending is called "assemblage."

French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
The white wines of Bordeaux are made from Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle.

French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
Merlot is the most widely planted grape of the area and imparts rich cherry fruit and smooth freshness to wines.

French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
Cabernet Sauvignon imparts high tannins and rich black currant flavors to wines, as well as aging potential.

French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
In some cases, wines with high proportions of Cabernet Sauvignon made in good years by top producers can improve in bottle for more than fifty years.

French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
Top Bordeaux wines are the most expensive in the world, with some bottles selling for thousands of dollars. Chateau Pétrus, widely considered the top Bordeaux wine, broke records in December 2005 when an oversized bottle of the 1982 vintage fetched nearly £19,550 (more than $34,000) at the UK auction house, Sotheby's. The oversized bottle was an imperial, which holds the equivalent to eight regular-size bottles.

French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
The wines of the Médoc region of Bordeaux are ranked according to a classification drafted in 1855. The classification ranks the wines into five divisions: first growth through fifth growth. These so called cru classé wines—or classed growths—remain regarded as the top producers of the region. The only two changes since the original classification were the addition of Château Cantemerle, which was omitted by oversight and included just days after the first draft, and the elevation of Château Mouton- Rothschild in 1973 from second to first growth.

French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
There are sixty-one classed growth wines in Bordeaux, based on the 1855 classification.

French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
The following wines are first growths: Château Lafite-Rothschild, Château Latour, Château Margaux, Château Haut-Brion, and Château Mouton-Rothschild.

French Wine - Wines of Bordeaux
The following wines are second growths: Château Rausan-Ségla, Château Rauzan- Gassies, Château Léoville-Las-Cases, Château Léoville-Poyferré, Château Léoville Barton, Château Durfort-Vivens, Château Gruaud-Larose, Château Lascombes, Château Brane-Cantenac, Château Pichon-Longueville Baron, Château Pichon- Longueville-Comtesse-de-Lalande, Château Ducru- Beaucaillou, Château Cos d'Estournel, and Château Montrose.

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