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372. Fact
Public sector
Applies to state enterprises or undertaking.

373. Fact
Recession
An economic phenomenon characterised by excessive production, less demand, tight money market.

374. Fact
Soft currency
Currency of a country with which we have favourable balance of trade.

375. Fact
Sterling area
Group of countries of commonwealth (except canada) keeping their reserves in sterling and not gold or dollars.

376. Fact
Tariffs
Measures undertaking by one country to protect industry against trade competition from outside.

377. Fact
Apartheid
Policy of racial segregation practiced by the south african government.

378. Fact
Adjournment
A motion moved by a member of a legislature to adjourn consideration of the issues in hand for discussing a matter of urgent public importance.

379. Fact
Amnesty
Grant of pardon or exemption from prosecution to political importance.

380. Fact
Armistice
Temporary cessation of hostilities pending formal negotiations for peace.

381. Fact
Appeasement
The policy of gratifying one's enemy with concession and special grants by sacrificing even principles.

382. Fact
Autonomy
Power to control internal affairs.

383. Fact
Bilateral agreement
An agreement between two countries.

384. Fact
Blockades
Imposing closure of ports and waterways to prevent ships from reaching or leaving it.

385. Fact
Bolshevism
The doctrine of proletarian dictatorship as propounded by lenin.

386. Fact
Bourgeoise
Capitalist class in marxian terminology.

387. Fact
Buffer state
A small neutral state between two big states.

388. Fact
By-election
A mid term election to fill a seat rendered vacant.

389. Fact
Casting vote
A vote casting of which decides the tie.

390. Fact
Caucus
A powerful group of party.

391. Fact
Charged affairs
The senior most diplomat after the head of the mission, officiating in his absence.

392. Fact
Coalition
Combination of two or more parties with the purpose of forming a composite government.

393. Fact
Confederation
Alliance of nations for some specific purpose our retaining the respective individual nation sovereignty.

394. Fact
Cold war
The state of ideological or wordy warfare between two countries or blocks.

395. Fact
Envoy
A diplomatic emissary accredited to the country and holding position below that of an ambassador.

396. Fact
Fifth column
An anti-national clique of spies and saboteurs.

397. Fact
Floor crossing
The act of changing political loyalty by a person or a group.

398. Fact
Franchise
Right to cast vote in the public elections.

399. Fact
Gallup poll
An opinion poll-may be with the help of interview.

400. Fact
Genocide
Intention to destroy wholly or in part a religious, ethnic or political group.

401. Fact
Gherao
Encircling a person and rending him incapable of doing anything till he/she concedes demands.

402. Fact
Glosnost
Means openness. Term used for reforms introduced in russian society by m.gorbachov.

403. Fact
Habeas corpus
A type of a writ issued by a high court or supreme court against illegal detention of a person.

404. Fact
Hot line
A direct telephone link between the white house and kremlin established in 1963.

405. Fact
Impeachment
Trial by the parliament.

406. Fact
Lobbying
Exercising influence or pressure on members of the legislative bodies in the lobby for supporting or opposing an issue in the house.

407. Fact
Lok pal
An official appointed by the president to investigate public complaints against ministers and high officials.

408. Fact
Manifesto
A declaration of political party about its policies and programmes given at the time of elections.

409. Fact
Nationalisation
The act of taking business undertakings an institutions by the state and controlling them.

410. Fact
Naxalite
A movement violent in character believing in maoism: the term was first used for the peasants of naxalbari (west bengal) who rose against the landlords demanding land for the landless.

411. Fact
New deal
The name given to the policy of franklin d.roosevelt to revive and boost american economy.

412. Fact
Ordinance
An act or decree promulgated by the head of state in an emergency or when the legislative body is not in session.

413. Fact
Perestroika
Used for gorbachov's move to restructure political and economical structure of the russian society.

414. Fact
Plebiscite
Voting on regional or national issue.

415. Fact
Personality cult
Too much adulation for a ruler or a political figure.

416. Fact
Privy purse
Yearly allowances granted to the princes of indian states after the merger of their states with the indian union. (new these purses are abolished).

417. Fact
Privilege motion
A motion moved by a legislator drawing attention of the house towards a matter involving breach of privilege of the house or any of its members.

418. Fact
Referendum
People's verdict on some constitutional amendment and some other legislative issue of controversial nature.

419. Fact
Secularism
Affirmation in all the faiths, showing no official patronage to any religions or religions.

420. Fact
Sanctions
Penalty or reward imposed for disobedience or obedience attached to the law.

421. Fact
Socialism
Control of production and means of distribution in the hands of the state.

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